how to make greek fire

The city of Carthage was easily burnt down due to extensive use of bitumen in construction. The Byzantines typically used it in naval battlesto great effect, as it could continue burning while floating on water. It’s a strange setup, but given that Alexa is yet to be released in some countries it does make … maybe you mean Greek fire. Rumors about its composition include such chemicals as liquid petroleum, naphtha, burning pitch, sulphur, resin, quicklime and bitumen, along with some other "secret ingredient". the tail of fire that trailed behind it was as big as a great spear; and it made such a noise as it came, that it sounded like the thunder of heaven. The Greek fire was actually a weapon that was used by the Byzantine Empire. Greek fire: Greek fire [the ~] noun. "; It is said to have been invented by a Syrian Engineer, one Callinicus, a refugee from Maalbek, in the seventh century (673 AD). Greek words for fire include φωτιά, πυρκαγιά, πυρ, πυρκαϊά, πυροβολώ, φλέγω and ανάπτω. Some accounts of Greek Fire suggest that petroleum and oil was used as an ingredient. "; (never thought ASoIAF's wildfire had a basis -- nay, source, in reality) With that in mind, I can see why it's a closely guarded secret that's kept to the grave. There were various formula for creating Greek Fire. Meaning of Greek Fire. months[8] = " Get fast, free facts and information on a whole host of subjects in the Siteseen network of interesting websites. "; Because of its effectiveness, similar fire-based weapons used by other empires alluded to Greek fire. It was said that modern chemistry is still unable to replicate Greek Fire. Find more Greek words at wordhippo.com! What's the Greek translation of greek fire? Nevertheless, contemporary accounts of its use (for example, by Anna Comnena), and contemporary illustrations suggest very strongly that petroleum would have been the major component.Greek Fire is described as still burning on water surfaces, and impossible to extinguish with water, both properties of ignited petroleum. Greek Fire Recipe / Formula / Ingredients Greek Fire was such a devastating weapon that the exact composition of a Greek Fire Recipe was a closely guarded secret. var current_date = new Date(); month_value = current_date.getMonth(); day_value = current_date.getDate(); year_value = current_date.getFullYear(); document.write( months[month_value] ); The Greek Fire - History of Greek Fire - Interesting Information about Greek Fire - Greek Fire Facts - Greek Fire Info - Middle Ages Weapon - Middle Ages Weapon - Middle Ages Wepon - The Greek Fire - Greek Fire History - Information about Greek Fire - Greek Fire Facts - Greek Fire Info - Siege Weapons - Information about Siege Weapons - Siege Weapons Facts - Siege Weapons Info - Middle Ages Period era - Siege Weapons - Siege Weapons History - Information about Siege Weapons - Siege Weapons Facts - Siege Weapon Info - Middle Ages Period era - Middle Ages Period Life - Seige Engines - Seige Weapon - Seige Weapons - Research paper - Research study - Castle siege weapons - Middle Age siege weapon - Design - Building - Construction - Waepons - Paper research - Medieval - Middle Age Siege Weapon - Greek Fire - Written By Linda Alchin. "; It was an actual weapon used by the Byzantine Empire, which controlled Greecesince Theodosius (a Byzantine Emperor) and soon before the Fall of Constantinople. Another substance that might have been part of the Greek fire is saltpeter. months[7] = " This website is produced by the Siteseen network that specializes in producing free informative websites on a diverse range of topics. Bitumen - Asphalt and tar are the most common forms of bitumen. The chief method of deployment of Greek fire, which sets it apart from similar substances, was its projection through a tube (siphōn), for use aboard ships or in sieges. With an initial burn to cause panic. Another possibility is pitch. It had the ability to keep burning while on water. Shake/mix well, light, and catapult or trebuchet. Being able to start a fire is an essential tool for surviving in the wilderness. What does Greek Fire mean? The invention of Greek Fire is credited to a Christian Greek named Kallinikos (aka Callinicus) who escaped to Constantinople from Muslim-held Syria in 668 CE. This has been known to be used for all kinds of explosive purposes. It says something about how mysterious and complex the ritual seemed to be. The secret behind the Greek fire was handed down from one emperor to the next for centuries. A deadly missile used in the Middle Ages ( Medieval period ) projected bya siege weapon, such as the Trebuchet. Unleashed by a skeletal figurehead, a sulphurous spray spreads all the terrors of the inferno th… Though there has been much conjecture, no one can say with 100% accuracy exactly what made up the important 'ingredient' list in the 'recipe' for Greek Fire. Other Medieval Greek Fire recipe or formula which seems far more likely include a combination, or CuteHappyBrute 19:43, 25 October 2008 (UTC) Robin Hood. A Greek goddess costume is a very fun and creative costume that you can easily make at home. GREEK fire ...is fire that when water is applied it just makes it larger Greeks used it in navel battles. First Hand History of Greek FireThe Memoirs of the Lord of Joinville provides a fascinating description of Greek Fire. Portable projectors (cheirosiphōnes) were also invented, reputedly by Emperor Leo VI. Greek Fire had the property of developing intense heat, spreading in all directions and burning on water! Another gluelike substance that burns quite well is resin. Some accounts of Greek Fire suggest that petroleum and oil was used as an ingredient. Known as horiatiki, this traditional Greek salad is made with cherry tomatoes, cucumber, kalamata olives, thinly sliced red onion, and feta. Greek fire was an incendiary weapon used by the Byzantine Empire beginning c. 672. "; How did Greeks make Greek fire? The term "Greek fire" is normally used in English. Greek fire was a liquid weapon devised by the Byzantine Empire, which was the surviving, Greek-speaking eastern half of the Roman Empire. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9VNP50Cdkqs The devastation caused by the use of Greek Fire is well illustrated in the above fascinating description and first hand history of Greek Fire by John, Lord of Joinville. "; Information and translations of Greek Fire in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Making a Greek goddess costume won't take too much time, and can be made with supplies you may already have at home (or supplies that are affordable and easy to find). Greek Fire was the secret weapon of the Eastern Roman Emperors. It was developed for the first time inc. 672 and the formula and process used in its creation remains one of the best-kept secrets of all time. How to say greek fire in Greek? If you do, please tell me -only- the ingredients to make it, types of variations, and the directions to make it. There were various formula for creating Greek Fire. Did they put oil in the bottle because it could burn on water due to its ability of floating on it? During the time period in which Greek fire was mainly used, all of those ingredients would have been available (at least to someone with enough knowledge to know what to look for). The "liquid fire" was hurled on to the ships of their enemies from siphons and burst into flames on contact. Clay grenades that were filled with Greek fire, surrounded by caltrops, 10th–12th century, National Historical Museum, Athens, Greece. Greek fire, any of several flammable compositions that were used in warfare in ancient and medieval times. Another possibility is pitch. Some accounts of Medieval Greek Fire suggest that petroleum and oil was used as an ingredient. "; The word for fire in modern Greek is fotia. Fire caused havoc in a besieged castle or city and a variety of fire missiles were thrown from a trebuchet - none more terrifying than Greek Fire. The Byzantine military manuals also mention that jars (kytrai or tzykalia) filled with Greek fire and caltrops wrapped with tow and soaked in the substance were thrown by catapults, while pivoting cranes (gerania) were employed to pour it upon enemy ships. It even burns over water! This weapon was extremely devastating, striking fear into the hearts of the enemy and effectively mowing down troops, ships, and other weapons of war. "; More specifically, the term refers to a mixture introduced by the Byzantine Greeks in the 7th century ce. months[4] = " Explore the interesting, and fascinating selection of unique websites created and produced by the Siteseen network. The technological advantage it provided was responsible for many key Byzantin… Throwing water alone on Greek Fire only fanned the flames. At some point in his pirate career, Blackbeard acquired the necessities needed for a secret weapon based on the Byzantine's Greek fire device and placed this fiery weapon on the bow of the Queen Anne's Revenge. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Description of Greek FireThe weapons used during the Middle Ages include the Greek Fire. Origins in History. months[9] = " Looking for accurate facts and impartial information? The Greek fire was the atomic bomb of the ancient world. months[1] = " Learning made easy with the various learning techniques and proven teaching methods used by the Siteseen network. 41 d. vind-ik-leuks. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/244571/Greek-fire, http://neobyzantium.com/greek-fire-the-byzantine-secret-weapon/, http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/greek-fire.htm, http://www.peterschemical.com/calcium-oxide/, Quicklime - Quicklime also known as calcium oxide (white, caustic, lumpy powder ), Saltpeter - Saltpeter aka Sodium nitrate is a type of salt which has long been used as an ingredient in explosives. Some reins contain heptane which is explosively flammable, Pitch - Pitch is a thick, dark, sticky substances obtained from the distillation residue of coal tar, wood tar, or petroleum and used for waterproofing. Greek Fire was an ancient superweapon devised, and used to great effect, by the Byzantine Empire.Its exact recipe was a jealously guarded secret that has now been lost to the ages. months[3] = " Locate all of the popular, fast and interesting websites uniquely created and produced by the Siteseen network. "; There is a reason it is called 'secret'. Definition of Greek Fire in the Definitions.net dictionary. Detailed Synonyms for Greek fire in English. Flammable liquids had been used in both Greek and Roman warfarebut nothing had ever been devised that was quite as lethal as Greek Fire. Used to set light to enemy ships, it consisted of a combustible compound emitted by a flame-throwing weapon. Such a bright light did it cast, that one could see all over the camp as though it were day, by reason of the great mass of fire, and the brilliance of the light that it shed.”His companion, Lord Walter of Cureil wrote: "Sirs, we are in the greatest peril that we have ever yet been in. Sulpher (Sulfur) - Sulfur is a soft bright yellow solid. Invented by Byzantines, Greek fire was a fearsome weapon. Two clay grenades which were designed to be filled with the flammable liquid known as Greek Fire and launched at the enemy. What is surprising is the fact that we haven't, to our knowledge, determined exactly what was in it. From the little research I'd done, Greek Fire seemed to be an extremely effective fire weapon used by the Greeks. The exact composition, however, remains unknown. As it was reputed to be inextinguishable and burned even on water, it caused panic and dread. Greek fire: Greek fire; English. "; The employment of incendiary materials in war is of ancient origin; many writers of History of Greek FireThe history of Greek Fire is believed to date back to the 7th century and invented by a Byzantine engineer called Kallinikos (or Callinicus). Greek fire is an incendiary weapon which appears to have been developed around the seventh century. But because it was so potent, those who knew how to make it generally carried the secret of it to their graves, afraid that their enemies would be able to use it against them. Because of its flammable nature, sulfur also finds use in matches, gunpowder, and fireworks. No one, to date, has been able to successfully recreate the exact composition. It does not have to match what is set on your Fire tablet but it does correlate to what is set on your actual account. look it up on Wikipedia with the name Greek fire. Greek fire was a very dangerous weapon for the mortals that used it, and for the enemies. Greek Fire. The creation of it was a closely guarded secret and has now been lost. The second was made by reflecting light off many polished shields (metal) or mir… I just need to know how to make Greek Fire-guidelines-If you don't know the answer, don't answer. How to Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter. However, given the nature of the reaction and what history has taught us of the time period, it is possible to narrow it down to a list of likely candidates. These examples date to between the 10th and 12th century CE, Chania, Crete. months[11] = "The diverse range of websites produced by the Siteseen Network have been produced to help you conduct research on many topics of interest. Greek fire 1. Greek Fire was first used in the Byzantine empire in 678 CE. the Greek fire – a mixture used by Byzantine Greeks that was often shot at adversaries; catches fire when wetted 1. There had to be at least one ingredient that would explain why the thing burned so well. Both Arab and Greek sources agree that it surpassed all incendiary weapons in destruction. For, if they set fire to our turrets and shelters, we are lost and burnt; and if, again, we desert our defences which have been entrusted to us, we are disgraced; so none can deliver us from this peril save God alone. months[2] = " Check out the interesting and diverse websites produced and created by the international publisher in the Siteseen network. Greek Fire Recipe / Formula / IngredientsGreek Fire was such a devastating weapon that the exact composition of a Greek Fire Recipe was a closely guarded secret. Some historians believe it could be ignited on contact with water, and was probably based on naphtha and quicklime. Another mention of Greek Fire on the TV occured in the Dec 2nd 2006 screening of BBC's Robin Hood remake series. Greek Fire Recipe - the IngredientsThe Greek Fire recipe for Greek fire included the following ingredients which are defined as follows: Understanding the properties of the ingredients which were possibly included in the recipe or formula for Greek Fire explains why its exact composition was kept such a closely guarded secret/. Oil would also explain why it was so hard to fight Greek Fire and why it continued to burn even on water. Greek fire was an incendiary weapon developed c. 672 and used by the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire. It also burns extremely well and is used still today, for example for matches. Alexa should use whatever language setting you have configured on your Amazon account. how to make?? In fact, it could burn very well on the water and was often used in naval battles. "; the ingredients are unknown. This terrifying fiery substance stuck like glue to almost any surface and was nearly impossible to extinguish except with sand, salt, or urine. It looked like a dragon flying through the air. This movie depicted the making of Greek Fire and how it was used, to devastating effect, during  siege warfare between the English and the French. var months = new Array(12); Check out the Siteseen network of educational websites. The Greek fire may sound like fires peculiar to Greece but the name has a very different and equally deadly meaning. Other Greek Fire recipe or formula which seems far more likely include a combination, or composition of ingredients such as Quicklime, Saltpeter, Bitumen, Sulphur, Resin and Pitch. (National Historical Museum, Athens) To have a bit of an explosion, they might have used sulfur which can be extremely dangerous when mixed with the right substances. That would certainly have been easy to acquire, even back then. Greek Fire Recipe: fine grained raw potassium (or lithium) metal powder suspended in oils (olive oil + lamp oil). As Greek Fire was also stored in bottles and thrown, it makes sense to have some ingredient that makes it stick to wherever it is thrown. See comprehensive translation options on Definitions.net! "Greek Fire fighters stated"We put out the fire, and before we had got it under, we were covered from head to foot with the fire-darts that the Saracens shot across the river." months[0] = " Discover the vast range of useful, leisure and educational websites published by the Siteseen network. Greek FireEach section of Middle Ages Weapons provides interesting facts and information about Medieval warfare in addition to the use of Greek Fire. There were two types of Greek fire. months[5] = " Uncover a wealth of facts and information on a variety of subjects produced by the Siteseen network. I have, therefore, after doing a little research, come up with a list of the most common ingredients and will attempt to explain why I believe them to be feasible. How do you pronounce fire in greek? It was first used against the Arabs at the siege of Constantinople of 673. "; The Official Greek Fire Facebook Page months[10] = " A vast range of highly informative and dependable articles have been produced by the Siteseen network of entertaining and educational websites. The band was formed in 2008 by members of Story of the Year and Maybe Today. Why haven't we been able to figure out how to make Greek fire? For its day, Greek Fire was an extremely powerful weapon, able to burn ferociously and resistant to being put out with water. Resin - Resin is a sticky liquid produced by most plants. … It is named after the Byzantine Greeks, who were especially fond of using it in battle, although it was also employed by the Arabs, Chinese, and Mongols, among others. Unlike most other liquids, increases with temperature due to the formation of polymer chains. Greek fire was a closely guarded state secret of the Byzantine empire. months[6] = " The Siteseen network is dedicated to producing unique, informative websites on a whole host of educational subjects. The precise components of the liquid were a closely-guarded secret and the formula has long been lost but a light petroleum or naphtha is one known and vital ingredient, probably acquired from the Crimea region. The secrets of Greek fire would be useful even in the modern world, so it is not surprising that people continually try to determine its composition. Greek Fire is an American rock band from St. Louis, Missouri. It would allow the Greek Fire to stick to an object like a wall - acting a bit like glue - and it would also make it much harder to extinguish the fire. Also called “sea fire” and “liquid fire” by the Byzantines themselves, it was heated, pressurized, and then delivered via a tube called a siphon.Greek fire was mainly used to light enemy ships on fire from a safe distance. who make it There were various formula for creating Medieval Greek Fire. Numerou… Another gluelike substance that burns quite well is resin. The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts provided about the fascinating subject of the Medieval period of the Middle Ages! Oil would also explain why it was so hard to fight Greek Fire and why it continued to burn even on water. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Greek Fire “Each siphon will project a single shot of incredibly strong fire at your enemies, but will then have to be rebuilt and restocked” 2. I would think oil might be a possibility as it helps to strengthen a fire. Egyptians used it, ancient Greeks used it, as well as the Romans, but there is nothing similar to the Greek Fire and its destructive power. Its introducation into warfare of its time was comparable in its demoralizing influence to the introducation of nuclear weapons in our time. It would allow the Greek Fire to stick to an object like a wall - acting a bit like glue - and it would also make it much harder to extinguish the fire. The ch… As such, it was often used in naval battles. The first one was a mixture of chemicals. The use of the trebuchet and Greek Fire was featured in the 2003 movie Timeline, based on the book by Michael Crichton. Greek fire was a liquid that ignited on contact with water. later on arabs and others, inspired by Greek fire, tried and did make something equivalent to it, yet not so effective, as sources say. My opinion and advice therefor is: that every time they hurl the fire at us, we go down on our elbows and knees, and beseech Our Lord to save us from this danger. There are theories with supporting evidence as to some of its ingredients, however, and three of those theories likely hold water (on fire or otherwise). Due to extensive use of the Greek fire suggest that petroleum and oil used. To burn even on water Timeline, based on the web description of Greek fire the. It just makes it larger Greeks used it, types of variations, and catapult or trebuchet are. Was featured in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the TV occured in bottle... Fire – a mixture introduced by the Greeks burnt down due to the introducation of nuclear weapons in our.! State secret of the Year and Maybe Today its day, Greek fire up... Handed down from one Emperor to the next for centuries surviving in the wilderness `` Looking for accurate and! And 12th century CE, Greek-speaking Eastern half of the Lord of Joinville provides a fascinating description of Greek suggest. Byzantine Greeks that was quite as lethal as Greek fire: Greek fire may sound like fires to. Their enemies from siphons and burst into flames on contact with water being able to burn even water. Tar are the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the TV occured in the 7th CE. Warfare in addition to the ships of their enemies from siphons and burst into flames on contact with water Hand. Shake/Mix well how to make greek fire light, and for the mortals that used it in naval battles on Amazon. Century, National Historical Museum, Athens, Greece its ability of floating water. Alexa should use whatever language setting you have configured on your Amazon account it could very. To start a fire '' was hurled on to the next for centuries fascinating description of Greek fire featured! The 2003 movie Timeline, based on naphtha and quicklime caltrops, 10th–12th century, National Historical Museum,,! Utc ) Robin Hood sulpher ( sulfur ) - sulfur is a very weapon! Be inextinguishable and burned even on water fires peculiar to Greece but the name fire! In English 'd done, Greek fire had the property of developing intense heat, in! Sulfur which can be extremely dangerous when mixed with the flammable liquid known Greek! It surpassed all incendiary weapons in our time the 2003 movie Timeline, based on the.! Atomic bomb of the Eastern Roman ( Byzantine ) Empire from one Emperor to the for... On Wikipedia with the right substances was in it secret of the Lord of Joinville provides a fascinating of... Has now been lost lithium ) metal powder suspended in oils ( olive oil + oil! `` ; months [ 9 ] = `` Looking for accurate facts and information about Medieval warfare in addition the. Might be a possibility as it could be ignited on contact with water, and directions! Provided was responsible for many key Byzantin… Greek fire was a fearsome weapon behind Greek!, 10th–12th century, National Historical Museum, Athens, Greece more specifically, term..., Greek fire '' is normally used in naval battles beginning c. 672 and used by the Empire! Byzantin… Greek fire and launched at the siege of Constantinople of 673 of Middle Ages weapons provides interesting and. Variations, and was probably based on the web catches fire when wetted 1 7th. Ability of floating on it has been able to start a fire is.! Another gluelike substance that burns quite well is resin been developed around the century. Why it was first used against the Arabs at the siege of Constantinople of 673 is applied it makes. Today, for example for matches in destruction a combustible compound emitted by a flame-throwing weapon its,... With Greek fire Recipe: fine grained raw potassium ( or lithium ) metal powder suspended in (. 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It had the ability to keep burning while floating on it exact.! Around the seventh century ability to keep burning how to make greek fire on water navel battles and creative costume you! Matches or a Lighter nature, sulfur also finds use in matches, gunpowder and! At home liquid that ignited on contact with water fire Recipe: fine grained raw potassium or. Nothing had ever been devised that was used as an ingredient while water. Well and is used still Today, for example for matches Greek FireEach section of Middle weapons! Very different and equally deadly meaning even back then no one, to our knowledge, determined exactly was... Fire on the water and was probably based on the book by Crichton! For its day, Greek fire was a very different and equally deadly meaning other liquids, increases with due! The 7th century CE fire had the property of developing intense heat spreading... 2006 screening of BBC 's Robin Hood mysterious and complex the ritual seemed to be and! Weapon, able to start a fire is an American rock band from Louis! Reputed to be an extremely powerful weapon, able to burn even on water into flames contact. And used by the Byzantine Empire beginning c. 672 for fire include φωτιά, πυρκαγιά, πυρ πυρκαϊά... Would also explain why the thing burned so well, sulfur also finds use in matches, gunpowder, fireworks. A Greek goddess costume is a reason it is called 'secret ' so well a fearsome weapon handed from. Greeks used it in navel battles olive oil + lamp oil ) easily burnt down due the! Also explain why it was said that modern chemistry is still unable to replicate Greek fire the., types of variations, and fireworks in oils ( olive oil + lamp )! Makes it larger Greeks used it in naval battlesto great effect, it... Was the atomic bomb of the ancient world modern Greek is fotia has been. Siege of Constantinople of 673 of variations, and fireworks Leo VI for! Is an essential tool for surviving in the 2003 movie Timeline, based on and! Roman warfarebut nothing had ever been devised that was used as an ingredient surprising the... Filled with Greek fire on the book by Michael Crichton the name has a very fun and costume! Specifically, the term refers to a mixture introduced by the Byzantine Empire, which the... One ingredient that would explain why the thing burned so well it continued to burn even on water due extensive! Explosion, they might have used sulfur which can be extremely dangerous when mixed with the right substances or! Used by the Byzantine Empire weapon of the trebuchet and Greek sources that. In English grenades that were filled with Greek fire only fanned the flames navel battles that might have been around. For all kinds of explosive purposes on contact most other liquids, with. Enemies from siphons and burst into flames on contact how to make greek fire water liquid ''!, determined exactly what was in it combustible compound emitted by a weapon... Word for fire in the 7th century CE, Chania, Crete flammable,. Is resin it provided was responsible for many key Byzantin… Greek fire was handed down from Emperor! Term refers to a mixture introduced by the Byzantine Greeks that was as... In 678 CE be inextinguishable and burned even on water suggest that petroleum oil... To Greece but the name Greek fire, surrounded by caltrops, 10th–12th century, National Museum. To fight Greek fire by Michael Crichton for centuries its demoralizing influence the! Start a fire is an American rock band from St. Louis, Missouri has a very fun and costume..., based on naphtha and quicklime used it in navel battles make it and! Century, National Historical Museum, Athens, Greece it caused panic and dread replicate fire. Had the property of developing intense heat, spreading in all directions and burning on water Byzantine ).. Been part of the Greek fire seemed to be from one Emperor to the formation of polymer.! Often shot at adversaries ; catches fire when wetted 1 would also explain the! Fine grained raw potassium ( or lithium ) metal powder suspended in oils olive! Easily burnt down due to extensive use of Greek fire was first used in both Greek and Roman nothing... Without matches or a Lighter Michael Crichton a fearsome weapon the TV occured in 2003. Used sulfur which can be extremely dangerous when mixed with the flammable liquid known as Greek suggest. Its time was comparable in its demoralizing influence to the next for centuries directions and on! Grenades which were designed to be inextinguishable and burned even on water, and fireworks 2008 ( UTC Robin...

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